Cultural Routes

The history Salentina in the Urban Centers

Il paesaggio architettonico richiama le città della Grecia per la predominanza assoluta delle case bianche "a calce", senza tetto (con solaio), soprattutto in campagna e sulla costa, ma i centri storici sono caratterizzati dal barocco leccese, un lascito spagnolo del Plateresco, che rispetto al Barocco del resto d'Italia si spoglia della sovrabbondanza pittorica degli interni e trasforma le facciate esterne di chiese e palazzi in veri arazzi scolpiti. In ciò, molta importanza ha avuto la locale "pietra leccese", tenera e malleabile e dal caldo colore giallo rosaceo.

Lecce

The architectural landscape recalls the cities of the City and chief town of province of Puglia, Lecce is situated in the plainnest part of the peninsula salentina, to around 12 km from the Adriatic and 27 km from the Ionian. Founded by the Messapis, toward halves the III century B.C. it became a Roman (Lupiae) military station, subsequently turned into the town hall. The historical center has a typical medieval order ploughed from some roads that they reach the principal monuments of the "Baroque leccese"; it deals with buildings from the predominantly classical structure but whose surfaces have admirably been made plastics by the use of the "stone leccese." The most important works are the Basilica of Saint Cross (1548 -1646) and the near Building of the Government, of Six hundred; on the scenografica it places they lean out the Cathedral

Otranto

Bridge toward the east and extreme point of Italy, to Otranto he breathes an almost magic air; it gives name to the channel that separates Italy from Albania and that it puts in communication the Adriatic sea with the Ionian. For five centuries it was an important Byzantine center, but it suffered a terrible siege in 1480 to work of the Turks, that you/they massacred well 800 citizens (the famous ones "martyrs idruntini"). The suburb, still contained by the Aragonese boundaries, it is a tangle of lanes. The Romanesque Cathedral is paved by one of the few, almost entire, mosaics pugliesi. The near Diocesan Museum illustrates the historical-artistic patrimony of the Salento; the small Basilica of St. Pietro, the first cathedral of the inhabited area, was erect in the IX-X century with plant to Greek cross. After 1481 the Aragonese Castle was reconstructed.

Otranto

Bridge toward the east and extreme point of Italy, to Otranto he breathes an almost magic air; it gives name to the channel that separates Italy from Albania and that it puts in communication the Adriatic sea with the Ionian. For five centuries it was an important Byzantine center, but it suffered a terrible siege in 1480 to work of the Turks, that you/they massacred well 800 citizens (the famous ones "martyrs idruntini"). The suburb, still contained by the Aragonese boundaries, it is a tangle of lanes. The Romanesque Cathedral is paved by one of the few, almost entire, mosaics pugliesi. The near Diocesan Museum illustrates the historical-artistic patrimony of the Salento; the small Basilica of St. Pietro, the first cathedral of the inhabited area, was erect in the IX-X century with plant to Greek cross. After 1481 the Aragonese Castle was reconstructed.

Leuca

The exact point in which the waters of the Adriatic and the Ionian mix him and where it does him imperceptible the line of border between East and West, between past and present, between history and legend; here it is had really the impression to be "at the edge of the earth", to the extreme border of the known reality. The Sanctuary of S. Maria of Leuca, although reconstructed and rehandled more times, it constitutes one of the attractions of the place.

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